Periungual warts are globular or flat, gray and rough nodules with cracks. The infection may penetrate through these cracks like through channels. Periungual warts appear on the skin of hands and feet near or under the nails. The location of periunqual warts badly affects the condition of the nails. The nail plate changes its form. It becomes thinner and crumbles. These warts are caused by human papilloma virus. It gets into our body through microtraumas of mucus membrane and skin. The main source of the disease is a sick person and, of course, his/her personal items. The contamination by harmful virus often occurs after the interaction with the sick person. Virus can also “exist” on hand holds in public transport, on door handles, in swimming pools, in gym and so on. Personal hygiene significantly reduces the risk of warts. It’s recommended to do manicure with sterile instruments in order to avoid periungual warts. Use hydrogen dioxide in case of nail fold injury.
TOP 4 TIPS HOW TO REMOVE PERINGUAL WARTS
One of the newest and the most effective methods of warts removal is the use of laser. The main task of laser is to evaporate or coagulate invaded tissues. Modern laser machines provide the best results with minimum complications such as scars, hypo and hyper-pigmentation. The removing of warts by means of laser is performed gradually layer-by-layer under local anesthesia. The duration of process depends on the depth and location of warts. It lasts approximately from 1 up to 5 minutes. You can find a small hollow on the place of removed wart. But don’t worry it aligns in 2 weeks.
Removal of warts by means of liquid nitrogen causes the death of invaded tissues due to deep-freezing. Removal of periungual warts with liquid nitrogen is carried out using a special applicator with a cotton swab mounted on the surface of applicator. Krioapplikator can also be used. It is a tube container for liquid nitrogen with tips of different diameters. This method provides a well-directed action on the affected area.
Surgical removal of warts
This is a small operation done under local anesthesia with the imposition of cosmetic sutures that are removed in 7 days.
Removing of warts using surgical coagulator is also done under local anesthesia. High frequency current of coagulator metal loop cuts the wart and surrounding tissue. In case of deep warts removal can remain light, unobtrusive, flat scar.
See also “Is genital warts curable“.